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EMD: F7

Written by Barry Hensel

A two-unit set of Reading F7As awaits its next assignment.  Barely visible on the top of the carbody is the dynamic brake fan that differentiates the F7s from the earlier F3s.

The Reading's final diesel freight cab units were the 24 F7 locomotives in class DF-4.  The class was split between 6 locomotives coupled as A-B units numbered 266 A/B to 271 A/B, and an additional 12 A units numbered 272A through 283A.  The F7s were one of EMD's most popular locomotives, with over 3600 units being constructed for most American railroads.  While the original FT may have been the "diesel that did it," it was the F7 that put steam power to rest on many railroads, including the Reading.  The road's F7 units arrived throughout 1950, and were nearly identical in appearance to the earlier F3s.  The main spotting difference was the addition of a raised dynamic brake fan on the roof behind the cab, where the F3 had a vent flush with the roofline.  This gave the F7 five visible rooftop fans instead of the F3's four.

Reading F7A #267 at Erie Avenue.Upon entry into service, 18 F7 locomotives were assigned to the Shamokin Division, hauling freight on the Catawissa and Mahanoy & Shamokin Branches.  The visibility afforded by the high, wide windows was a benefit to crews operating on these lines due to the many curves and grades encountered.  Having learned a lesson from the problems experienced by operating the earlier F3s in ABBA configuration, the Reading operated its F7s in 3-unit ABA sets.  The greater weight and increased sand capacity of the F7s allowed the Reading to increase the tonnage ratings for trains on these lines.  The remaining F7s were operated from Gordon and Rutherford to Port Reading, NJ.  The locomotives were also occasionally used on crossline trains between Rutherford and Allentown.

A view of Reading F7 #277 at Tamaqua, PA.As occurred with the F3s,  the arrival of the F7s allowed the Reading to demote or retire some steam power, in this case 17 K-1 2-10-2 locomotives that were reassigned from the Reading Division to the Shamokin Division.  The road's growing reliance on diesel power for mainline freight operation accelerated the end of steam power on the Reading, with the road being completely dieselized by 1956.  However, while many railroads kept their cab units for quite some time, the Reading's progressive attitude toward motive power technology also led to the end of the F7s, as they were traded in to EMD in 1964 towards the purchase of additional GP35s.

MODELING NOTES:  The F7 is one of the most popular locomotives, and many models from different manufacturers are available, so modeling these locomotives is really a matter of preference from an accuracy, cost and performance perspective.  To make your models accurately reflect Reading units, you should consider adding the additional details such as the grab irons and railings at various locations along the carbody, proper positioning of the air horns, etc.  Also, when considering a commercial model, remember that the F7 should have FIVE visible fans on the roof.  Operationally, these units were seen on mainline trains on most of the Reading system at one point or another in a variety of combinations, most often in ABA or AA sets.  Some photographs have been seen that have shown three A units combined, or an A unit paired with one of the Reading's road switchers.  As with the Reading's other cab units, bear in mind that the F7s were gone by 1964 when they were traded in, so except for the brief window between the 1962 arrival of the GP30s and that time, it would not be appropriate to mix first and second-generation power.

Today's Image

Fact for the Day

December 1, 1953
The last Hall "banjo-style" signals are removed from service, and are replaced with color-light signals.

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